Topmost-10 ideas for space exploration essay formulating
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A database is a repository of data. It is a collection of related data. The available data is organized comprehensively for easy retrieval. The programs that helps the user to create and maintain a database is referred to as a database management system. The systems provide reliable and efficient tools for data retrieval to many users. A database is persistent and logically coherent collection of meaningful data.
The main tasks of data manipulation are data update and retrieval. Obtaining of the records stored in the database in regards to a query formulated by user is referred a retrieval. The modification of data in a database is called data update.
With database system it helped to reduce the multiple file systems and duplication of information that would have resulted to redundancy and inconsistency. It is possible to isolate data make it accessible.
Databases help involving integrity problems for instance where integrity constraints become part of the program code. This results to system inconsistency and failure. With adoption of appropriate database system, institutions can be able to track the information stored with accuracy without corrupting the existing system.
Databases are a powerful method of action. They make it easier to assess and generate information at the right time. It is easier and simple to access. Large volumes of data can e stored together and their attributes as well. The database management system allows the user to withdrawal the information and its attributes without a hassle.
In college a database can be used to track information. Some of the stored information include: student name, student registration number, date and years of admission. Academic performance.tthere are several types of datbse systems that can be adopted by the college when acccesing and tracking the student data.[ CITATION Ken95 \l 1033 ] A database model is for a particular database. They are developed in conceptual stages, where the first stage is referred to as a conceptual model. The conceptual is then changed into a logical database model that eventually create a physical debase model.
These models include tabular, hierarchical, network and relational. There are other models like object oriented model, semi structured data models and network models which can be adopted by the college as well. These models are able to handle information about students, their fee payment and date of admission at the same time. These record have different attributes but with a relationship between them[ CITATION Hud81 \l 1033 ]. If the college adopts entity relationship model for instance, it can be able to capture the details of the students, staff and other people in the institution, establish and describe their entities and the respective attributes. This information is converted into a relational model for storage and processing.
The database system uses a specific language for processing where each database scheme is assigned a specific notation. The y control the manner in which the data is to be retrieved and manipulated. For instance the storage manager will provide an interface between stored data and application programs.
Database development has resulted to more sophisticated system. With the World Wide Web, this information kept in databases can be shared globally in a secure manner .most institutions have transformed from traditional data keeping techniques where information was being kept in files. Most of them have acquired severs where they have installed database management software’s for centralized data processing.
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Life requires that a person, especially a leader, should be able to a make decisions about what is right or wrong. Ethical, moral and legal standards are frameworks for decision making that makes the society more ethical. In their book “Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application” (2015), Marquis and Huston define ethics as the systemic study of an individual’s actions and conduct in relation to himself, other people as well as the environment. In other words, it refers to the moral conducts that determine an individual’s action; right or wrong, in regard to the society and to himself. On the other hand, moral issues are concerned with the rules of a right conduct. Legal issues are defined by acceptable practice and protect the rights of an individual. Therefore, a leader should be able to display high moral standards and observe the set ethical standrads in his or her work environment. Furthermore, a leader should respect the laws and legislation that protect his or her people.
This paper, kindly produced by one of focuses on how ethical, moral and legislative standards in leadership are critical in decision making. It gives an example of an ethical dilemma and then gives a framework for making a decision.
A dilemma arises when there is conflict in the opinion of an individual. This dilemma requires a person to prioritize one ethical issue over the other or if one’s personal ethics is contrary to the principles of his or her profession (Marquis and Huston, 2015). Such dilemmas are more common in workplaces even when what is wrong and right is clearly specified in the code of ethics. However, a higher number of dilemmas occur because of unclear organizational procedures and policies. This cause workers to be caught in this situation because they do not have a clear direction.
About a year ago, the company I was working for merged with another company and therefore, they had to do away with some employees. This made some of my co-workers to lose their jobs yet they were neither given any notice nor informed about the company’s current state. I consider this as unethical because employees should be given one or two months’ notice before terminating their contracts. Additionally, it is the responsibility of the organization to inform its strategegic position to the employees.
One other example is a case of favoritism. During recruitment in an organization, an employer favored a particular individual and neglected other people who were quite eligible and qualified for the job. The person, though neither qualified nor competent was offered the job just because he was related to the employer in one way or another. Unfortunately, qualified candidates for the position did not secure the job because they were not related to the employer in any way. This conduct is highly unethical and compromises organizational performance as unqualified applicants are hired.
In these two examples, the morality of the two leaders is questionable. These leaders knew what is right and what they needed to do but chose to go against the ethical practices. The author of Make an Ethical Difference: Tools for Better Action, Pastin (2013) said, “we all have a native ethic sense that lets us know the right thing to do, but we do not always follow it.” As a moral agent, I would first review the policies of the organizations in the two instances before I charging them in the courts of law for unethical procedures. Further, I would take the obligation to educate the administrators and outline the importance of observing ethical and legal standards to them.
Implications of Ethical and Legal Dilemma
Ethical, moral and legal conflicts have both long and short term impacts and can affect an individual professionally and personally. Most dilemmas in workplaces result to distress. According to Ahmad, Ansari and Aafaqi (2005), an ethical dilemma is associated with both psychological and emotional impacts. During his study on the impacts and consequences of ethical dilemmas among social workers in direct prcatice (2005), McAuliffe found out that most participants who had ethical and moral issues experienced both emotional and psychological stress because they were isolated in their workplaces and did not have access to social support. Essentially, these dilemmas result to negative impacts on awareness, attitudes and practice in workplaces. Workers might develop a negative attitude towards the management and organizational systems, their own worth and value as well as the relationship with their colleagues (McAuliffe, 2005). On the other hand, legal issues might result to loss of license, termination of employment and lawsuits. Clearly, leaders and workers, in general, should be mindful of the implications of ethical, moral and legal dilemmas to avert the negative consequences of these conflicts.
How to Handle Ethical, Moral and Legal Dilemmas
To handle ethical and legal conflicts, it is important to read through the code of ethics and identify certain principles that relate to the situation one is in then consider their importance in the workplace (Ahmad, Ansari and Aafaqi, 2005). In addition, individuals involved in these dilemmas should review the laws of the state to ensure that their decisions do not violet these rules. Seeking for clarifications from supervisors can also be quite helpful during such conflicts. Moreover, organizations should clearly outline their policies and responsibilities of each worker to avoid situations that put the workers in a fix.
Leadership Style in Relation to Ethical Dilemmas.
Ostensibly, my temperament as an idealist helps me deal well enough with ethical, moral and legal conflicts. People who prcatice idealism are highly ethical and they have very high standards of personal integrity and therefore, would not involve in any action that ruins their demeanor and personalities. In fact, people with idealism principles have good personal relations, and are naturally drawn to people and work for the good of all. Besides being caring and demanding for the best in people, they are also concerned with their personal development and thirst for self-improvement and self-knowledge. Generally, idealists are good leaders. Therefore, my leadership skills as an idealist are quite helpful in making wise decisions when it comes to these moral, legal and ethical conflicts.
A good leader should make decisions for the good of others rather than himself, this requires moral courage. Morality requires that a person be couregeous to stand for what is right. Ethical dilemmas can undermine an individual’s sense of value and work, confidence and even the ability to continue with his or her work effectively in his organization. In conclusion, legal and ethical factors affect leadership and should, therefore, be put into consideration when making decisions.
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Mechanised failing emanating from human being problem was the biggest reason why space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated and exploded midair. The plane disintegrated barely seventy some a few seconds into its departure (Mannan, 2014). Main instigator for this primary disintegration and explosion was the O-ring software which had been implemented (McNeese, 2003). This is alternatively perplexing to understand that there have already been preliminary considerations of these in general viability around the O-wedding rings throughout art. Specialists held lay forth their reservation around the overall viability of this solution. The NASA managers saw it prudent not to address these concerns prior to the flight that culminated in the deaths of the seven crew members, however.As the blast was an upcoming existence, the deaths of our staff subscibers were not. The problem in the O-band mechanism instigated a chain result that culminated on the damage among the art. Pros have postulated by investing in time, the O-diamond ring could possibly have malfunctioned. Provided with this awareness, there occurs the condition of crew safety measures. Before the introduce, NASA had explored the numerous future evade procedure that the create could possibly be fitted (Tkatchova, 2011). There was questions there has to be demand for the team to eject inside the craft in case of fail to function properly.
Space Shuttle Challenger Devastation Exploration. How managed Chance Therapy (or deficiency of) make a contribution?
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Mechanised failing emanating from our mistake was the explanation why the place Shuttle Challenger exploded and disintegrated midair. The airplane disintegrated scarcely seventy a couple of minutes into its airline flight (Mannan, 2014). The principle instigator for very first disintegration and explosion was the O-engagement ring feature which had been constantly in place (McNeese, 2003). It really is alternatively perplexing to appreciate there happen to be original concerns of the altogether viability within the O-bands in your art. Medical experts owned insert forth their booking within the in general viability belonging to the solution. However, the NASA managers saw it prudent not to address these concerns prior to the flight that culminated in the deaths of the seven crew members.Even though the explosion was an impending event, the deaths among the team individuals is not. The problem on the O-ring computer instigated a chain response that culminated on the damage with the craft. Gurus have postulated by using time, the O-ring might have malfunctioned. Assigned this understanding, there can come the issue of crew essential safety. Prior to the create, NASA suffered with analyzed the numerous capability break free tool that the craft could be fitted (Tkatchova, 2011). There are matters that there might be a requirement of the team to eject in the craft in the case of breakdown.